Friday, February 22, 2008

Tal'ne, Ukraine

According to the records I have found, my ggm's brothers Leib and Shlomo Belinki listed Tal'ne (also Talnoe and Talnoye) as their last place of residence according to the 1908 & 1913 passenger lists when they came to the US. Both reported their father Abram Belinki as the person they resided with. Tal'ne is located in the Kiev gubernia 18 miles NE of Zvenigorodka and 26 miles NNE of Lysyanka.

According to The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life, Jews numbered 11 in 1765 and 5,452 (total population of 9,610) in 1897. In 1882, about 200 were employed as farm workers on local estates. Most Jews were Hasidim (not my family). A talmud torah and private school for boys were operating the in the early 20th century. On December 12 1917, Ukranian soldiers passing through the town rioted in the market, robbing and destroying Jewish stalls and stores. Jewish soldiers from the same unit arrested the rioters. In further riots in spring 1919 gangs murdered 53 Jews. In the Soviet period, many Jews worked in a sugar refinery and in 1928, 12 cooperatives were opened, employing 204 workers, most of the them Jews. A nearby Jewish kolkhoz had 840 members. A Yiddish language elementary school was started in the 1920s and a clubroom and Yiddish library were also active in the town as well as a clinic whose 35 doctors and nurses were Jews. In 1939 the Jewish population was 1,866. The Germans captured Talnoe on July 29 1941 and on Sept 19 1941 murdered the Jews in groups near the village of Bielashki. On April 17 1942 children of mixed marriages were murdered.

According to the RTR Foundation, the following records survive at the State Archives in Kiev:
-births 1847, 1849, 1852, 1853
-census/list of inhabitants 1850, 1859
-deaths 1847, 1848, 1849, 1852, 1853
-marriage 1847, 1848, 1849, 1852, 1853
-local govt documents for 1852

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